12/15/2021»»Wednesday

Software Not Installing On Mac

12/15/2021
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  1. Which additional software can I install in Tails?
  2. Examples of additional useful software
  3. Installing additional software
  4. Removing additional software
  1. Focusrite Software Not Installing On Mac
  2. Mac Software Updates

Tails includes a limited set of applications butyou can install more software.

How to install and run Mac apps that don't come from the Mac App Store. (to clarify: I have no problem with people using software that is not offered on the Mac App Store, I use some myself. DivX for Mac 64-bit available for Catalina and Big Sur DivX Software in Kaspersky Lab Whitelist Program DivX Software won't install on my Mac with OS X 10.6 & 10.7.

This software is distributed in packages that are made available from the Debian repositories,which are similar to an app store.

To know which packages are available in Debian:

  • Browse locally withthe Synaptic Package Manager:

    1. Set up an administration password when you start Tails.

    2. Choose ApplicationsSystem ToolsSynaptic Package Manager.

    3. Wait until Synaptic finishes downloading new package informationfrom the Debian servers.

    4. You can:

      • Browse the packages by sections from the left sidebar.

      • Search on titles and descriptions of packages with the Search button.

  • Search the Internet for alternatives to other software.

    For example: 'debian alternatives to photoshop'.

  • Ask a friend who is knowledgeable about Linux.

  • Search the Debian website.

Being careful about what you install

The packages included in Tails are carefully tested for security.Installing additional packages might break the security built in Tails. Forexample, installing OpenVPN might modify the firewall rules that Tails uses toforce network traffic to go through Tor. So, be careful with what youinstall.

If you are unsure:

  • Packages that use the network need to be configured to go throughTor. They are otherwise blocked from accessing the network.

  • Some software might, for example, modify the firewall and break the securitybuilt in Tails. But other software like games or office tools are probably fine.

  • Software not officially included in Tails might have not been tested for security.We also cannot provide support or documentation for it.

  • Only applications that are packaged for Debian can be installed and they areunder public scrutiny.

Language packs

  • for LibreOffice: libreoffice-l10n-lang
  • for Thunderbird: thunderbird-l10n-lang

Replace lang with the code for yourlanguage. For example, es for Spanish orde for German.

Spell-checking dictionaries

  • hunspell-lang

The hunspell dictionaries are used forspell-checking by Tor Browser,LibreOffice,Thunderbird, and many other applications.

Replace lang with the code for yourlanguage. For example, es for Spanish orde for German.

To install a package using Synaptic:

  1. Set up an administration password when you start Tails.

  2. Choose ApplicationsSystem ToolsSynaptic Package Manager.

  3. Click Search and search for the name of the package.

  4. Right-click (on Mac, click with two fingers) on the name of the package in the search results and choose Mark forInstallation.

  5. Synaptic calculates the additional changes for your package to work. Click Mark to confirm those changes.

  6. Click Apply to download, install, andconfigure the package.

If you are comfortable with the command line, you can use the apt command instead.

Installing additional software automatically when starting Tails

To install an additional package automatically when starting Tails:

  1. Turn on the AdditionalSoftware feature of thePersistent Storage.

  2. Install the package using Synaptic orthe apt command.

  3. After the package is installed,a notification appears to ask if you want to install this packageevery time you start Tails in the future.

    • If you choose Install Every Time,the package is saved in the Persistent Storage and will be reinstalledautomatically every time you start Tails.

      The package will also be updated automatically when you connect to theInternet.

    • If you choose Install Only Once, thepackage is also saved in the Persistent Storage but won't bereinstalled automatically every time you start Tails.

The same package can be reinstalled faster for some time because youwon't have to download it again.

Additional configuration

Some packages require additional configuration to work. To keep theirconfiguration across Tails sessions, advanced users can use theDotfilesfeature of the Persistent Storage.

To see which packages are installed automaticallyevery time you start Tails, choose ApplicationsSystem ToolsAdditional Software.

Click the button to remove a package from the list.

The same list is also available from the Persistent Storage settings, by clicking on the button of the AdditionalSoftware feature.

When you installed the package, if you chose:

Software
  • Install Only Once, you can remove it by restarting Tails.

  • Install Every Time, you can remove it:

    • Using Additional Software:

      1. Choose ApplicationsSystem ToolsAdditional Software.

      2. Click the to the right of the nameof the package.

    • Using Synaptic:

      1. Set up an administration password when you start Tails.

      2. Choose ApplicationsSystem ToolsSynaptic Package Manager.

      3. Click Search and search for the name of the package.

      4. Right-click (on Mac, click with two fingers) on the name of the package in the search results and chooseMark for Removal.

      5. Click Apply to remove the package.

    • From the command line using apt.

    After the package is removed, a notification appears to ask if you want toremove this package from your list of additional software.

Freeing space in your Persistent Storage

After you installed many packages that you are not using anymore, you can free some space in your Persistent Storage:

Focusrite Software Not Installing On Mac

  1. Set up an administration password when you start Tails.

  2. Choose ApplicationsSystem ToolsRoot Terminal to open a Root Terminal.

  3. Execute the following command:

The packages available in Debian aresubmitted to public scrutiny.

Configuring additional APT repositories might break the security built inTails and might install software that has not even been approved by Debian. Be even more carefulwith what you install.

This step is usually not needed to install additional software and might be necessaryonly in very rare occasions.

Sometimes, you might need to configure additional APT repositories. Forexample, to install packages from the non-free section of Debian. To do so:

Mac Software Updates

  1. Set up an administration password when you start Tails.

  2. Create an apt-sources.list.d folder in yourPersistent Storage:

  3. As root, edit /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/persistence.conf,the configuration of the Persistent Storage, and add theapt-sources.list.d folder as afeature of type link:

  4. Write your additional sources.list files in theapt-sources.list.d folder. For example, to addthe non-free sections of Debian 10 (Buster), backports, and securityupdates, you can create a file named/live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/apt-sources.list.d/non-free.listwith the following content:

    File names must end with.list and may only contain the followingcharacters: letters, digits, underscore, hyphen, and period.

  5. Correct the ownership and permissions of your additional sources.listfiles to be owned by root and only readable by others. Forexample:

  6. Restart Tails to apply the changes.